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Every existing or future vehicle owner in India needs to be well-versed with the meaning, role, scope, functions of an RTO. Doing so will ensure that you have a smooth and safe driving life in India.
This article will tell you everything you need to know about RTOs in India.
Table of Contents:
An RTO is a government organization that deals with the management and administration of all transport related operations in India. Every RTO office is specifically created to adhere to the rules and regulations laid down by the Motor Vehicles Act – 1988.
For instance, under the Motor Vehicles Act, there are various chapters that range from Granting of driving license, Suspension of driving license, vehicle registrations, Power of State Government to make rules, and beyond. It is the job of every RTO to implement these rules. Ever wondered where the first RTO in India was? The first RTO was established in Chennai in 1921.
The full-form of RTO is Regional Transport Office. A Regional Transport Office (RTO) deals with the administration, registration, and transportation activities of a particular region in India. Some of the most important activities of any RTO is vehicle registration, driver’s license registration and renewal, issuance of fitness certificates, renewal of vehicle, and beyond.
As of 2023, there are 1100+ RTO centers across India. In Maharashtra alone, there are more than 51 RTOs, including 5 RTOs in Mumbai city.
As previously mentioned, every RTO in India needs to implement the rules and regulations laid down under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. That is the fundamental role of any RTO. That being said, mentioned below are some of the most important functions and responsibilities of an RTO:
How do you register your new vehicle? Let’s find out.
First, you will need to fill-up and submit a bunch of forms that including form 20. Once filled, you will then need to submit the forms to the office. It is advisable to take the assistance of an RTO agent to ensure smoothness of process.
Now, your documents will be verified, processed, and then approved.
Next, you will then need to pay the requisite RTO charges and fees. Be sure to take the receipt / acknowledgment of your payment made.
Next, you will need to get your vehicle inspected by the RTO. Remember, you will need to visit the RTO with your vehicle for this. Once your vehicle is checked and approved, you will need to fill-up and submit a bunch of forms.
Now, the Assistant Regional Transport Officer (ARTO) will issue his approval for the vehicle.
Finally, once the ARTO issues his approval, you will receive your registration certificate to your registered address. Keep the RC safe and secure.
An RTO (Regional Transport Office) and a DTO (District Transport Office) are both government organizations that deal with the administration, management, and logistics of road transport in India.
An RTO is based in a particular region, whereas a DTO is present in a particular district. A DTO is an organization that oversees the functioning of all the RTOs in a particular district.
An RTO is considered to be subordinate to a DTO.
A DTO is considered to be at a higher hierarchy compared to an RTO.
Number of Offices
RTOs have more offices compared to DTO as they are regional centers.
Generally, there is only a single DTO per district.
Scope of Authority
RTOs have to report to their district DTO
DTO has authority over regional RTOs
RTOs have to role of implementing the policies under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.
A DTO has the role of ensure that RTOs are functioning smoothly and efficiently.
Daman and Diu
Jammu and Kashmir
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Andaman and Nicobar
There are certain provisions that allow a person to select his or her own preferred vehicle number. Let us talk about how a person can get a custom vehicle number from his nearest RTO.
Visit your nearest RTO, and make an inquiry whether your desired custom vehicle number is available for selection. You can also check if your fancy / custom number is available online by visiting the Vahan Portal.
If you are looking to go the online route, then you will need to register yourself on the Parivahan Website. Once registered, you can bid of custom / fancy numbers.
Now that you are registered under Parivahan, you can now participate in E-auctions where you can bid on your preferred fancy numbers.
Once you have placed your bid, you will now need to periodically check your bid status to know whether you have been outbid by someone else. If you have been outbid, you can readjust your bid if you so choose. You will also need to fund your account within 5 days of the bid.
If you are lucky enough to be the winning bidder, and you have funded your account with the required amount, you will then be furnished with an allotment letter. Kindly take a print of the same for further reference. Take this letter to your RTO office along with your vehicle and finish the registration process.
RTO fees depend on the state where the RTO is located. That being said, the RTO fees are more or similar across states. You will have to check with your local RTO center to get the updated rates. You can also contact an RTO agent to expedite your work.
There are over 65 forms that can currently be downloaded on the Parivahan Website. Mentioned within are some of the most widely used forms.
About the Form
Used for the registration of new vehicles
Used to certify road-worthiness
Notice of Transport of Ownership of a Vehicle
Application for transfer of vehicle ownership
Application for making an entry for an agreement
Report of Inspection Form
Certificate of Insurance
This article is written by Team InsuranceLiya.com, an independent website that writes about insurance, finance, health, and more. Our writers have a wealth of knowledge, experience, and degrees in the fields of insurance, finance, economics, and beyond.